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Industrial and trade landscape of antibiotic manufacturing in India

The study profiled the industrial and trade landscape of antibiotic manufacturing in India in the context of antimicrobial resistance. It was the first attempt to create a database at the disaggregate level for antibiotic manufacturing by integrating both production and trade aspects of antibiotics.

This involved mapping between the industrial and production classifications on the one hand and trade classifications on the other. This helped to create antibiotic categories by trade and industry, not readily available before for India.

The study provides important findings for government and statistical agencies in terms of categorization of antibiotics in India. The study also adds to the evaluation of antimicrobial use with the help of indicators from the World Health Organization as well as Food Safety and Standards Authority of India classification of antibiotics.