July to September 2019 issue provides an overview of activities taking place by the CGIAR AMR hub led by ILRI that has been developed with our partners for this quarter.
Last week the International Livestock Research Institute held the annual planning meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Parellel sessions were hosted by lead scientists to disseminate messages to various staff at the institute. One such session involved disseminating key messages about the role of CGIAR AMR hub and understanding AMR challanges. The participants engaged in role play activities allowing a fruitful discussion and two key messages that resonated amongst all three groups was the need to carry out surveillance to understand the extent of the problem as well as engaging with policymakers to stop the misuse of antimicrobials.
In low- and middle- income countries trends in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in animals are poorly documented and in the absence of systematic surveillance systems, point prevalence surveys present a largely untapped source of information to map trends in AMR in animals. As reported last week by Maryn McKenna, a journalist and contributor for WIRED, the director of the center of disease dynamics, economics and policy in Washington, DC said recently that ‘everyone talks about antibiotics resistance in humans, but no one has been talking about antibiotic resistance in animals’. The comments were in response to the findings of a study looking at the trends of antimicrobial resistance in animals from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that are poorly documented. Researchers used geospatial modeling to produce maps of AMR in LMICs and give policymakers a baseline for monitoring AMR levels in animals and target interventions in the regions most affected by the rise of resistance.
The CGIAR Antimicrobial Resistance Hub, led by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), applies a One Health approach to support the efforts of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in controlling agriculture-associated AMR risks, through promoting and facilitating transdisciplinary partnerships.
The recently adopted CGIAR AMR strategy recognizes the need for evidence on links between agriculture (crops, livestock and aquaculture) and public health outcomes. Based on evidence generated, the hub develops solutions that are locally relevant and applicable, while being adaptable to other contexts.
We conduct context-driven and systems-oriented research that combines social and biological sciences. With AMR research in agriculture and aquaculture and understanding linkages to public health outcomes, we can reap solutions emerging from our transdisciplinary approach.
We aim to reduce and refine AMU in agriculture and aquaculture and its impact on the environment, and to facilitate evidence-based communication around agriculture-associated AMR. This will help to mitigate AMR risks for people and contributes to improving the sustainability of global food and health systems.
The implementation framework of our strategy is organized into five pillars.
Judiciously addressing antimicrobial resistance is especially important in low- and middle-income countries, where poverty exacerbates cycles of inequity
Tackling antimicrobial resistance helps sustain small-scale agriculture and aquaculture and improve poor people’s access to nourishing food
Particularly in poorer countries already facing a high disease burden, antimicrobial resistance increases the likelihood that medical and veterinary treatments will fail
The problem of antimicrobial resistance can exacerbate gender inequality by increasing the risks faced by female primary caregivers of contracting antimicrobial-resistant infections
Over- and misuse of antibiotics and other antimicrobial drugs can contaminate soil and water resources, endangering people’s access to safe drinking water
It has been estimated that if not stemmed, antimicrobial resistance could cost the global economy up to USD100 trillion by 2050
Rational use of antibiotics and other antimicrobial drugs in good animal and fish husbandry practices is key to safeguarding the longer-term effectiveness of these important drugs
Only large networks of interdisciplinary partnerships and collaborators will be able to meet the many challenges presented by the growing development of antimicrobial resistance