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Addressing AMR in Kenya Diary Sector (led by ILRI)

Kenya’s well-developed dairy sector contributes to approximately 6-8% of the country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) with an annual milk production of approx. 3.4 billion litres per annum with over 1.8 million smallholder milk producing households who own between one to three cows. Almost 70% of the un-chilled raw fresh milk is sold to consumers through informal markets and there is a growing demand for milk. It is well known that antimicrobials are used in farm animals to prevent and treat diseases or as growth promoters, which can result in antimicrobial residues in milk that may exceed the established maximum residue limits. This is of concern as this sub-lethal concentration of antimicrobials can select for antimicrobial resistance. The project aims to collect samples from Kericho county, Kipkelion east sub-county and other small holder dairy farmers.

Our objective is to generate data and evidence for antimicrobial use and resistance levels in dairy cattle to contribute to AMR surveillance strategies and to better understand knowledge, attitude, and practices around veterinary antibiotic use in communities, formal and informal markets.

From this project we expect to contribute to evidence that can be used to shape antimicrobial use or reduction strategies and policies for Kenya and the world. This project has been funded by the CGIAR AMR Hub hosted and led by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) through the Department for International Development (DFID).